Tech Terms and Domain Extensions Defined

Tech Terms

Cookie
A cookie is a file that is created and stored on a computer that contains information about a user or users’ preferences when viewing certain web pages.

CSS
CSS is short for Cascading Style Sheets. These are a means of controlling the display qualities of a webpage

Domain
A domain is a name leased to identify your website on the intenet.

FTP
FTP is short for File Transfer Protocol.

HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language. This is the language behind the World Wide Web. It defines how a page should look to visitors with a web browser.

HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. This protocol defines how computers communicate with each other over the Internet when webpages are requested by a web browser.

IP Address
An IP Address is a 4 section string of numbers used by the internet to locate a website. It is much like a telephone number for your site.

Server
A server is a computer that accepts connections from other computers for the purpose of exchanging information.

Spider/Search bot
A spider is a program or script that systematically follows URLs on a page gathering information.
Typically search engines use spiders to gather information from web sites to increase there search index.

SSH
SSH (Server Shell) is a secure server-side application that allows you to run command line functions on your website.

Telnet
Telnet is a server-side application that allows you to run command line functions on your website.

URL
Uniform Resource Locator. This is the address of a server and it allows computers to route traffic between each other on the Internet.

XHTML
Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language. This is a language similar to HTML but with stricter rules

XSS
XSS stands for Cross Site Scripting. Cross Site Scripting is usually a sign of vulnerability in a software application or script. This allows information to be exchanged with one or more computers without verifying the factuality of that information

Domain Extensions

Extensions are categories of Internet domain names. There are several of them to choose from:

.com represents the word “commercial,” and is the most widely used extension in the world. Most businesses prefer a .com domain name because it is a highly recognized symbol for having a business presence on the Internet.

.net represents the word “network,” and is most commonly used by Internet service providers, Web-hosting companies or other businesses that are directly involved in the infrastructure of the Internet. Additionally, some businesses choose domain names with a .net extension for their intranet Websites.

.org represents the word “organization,” and is primarily used by non-profits groups or trade associations.

.co – is used for corporation

.biz is used for small business Web sites.

.info is for credible resource Web sites and signifies a “resource” web site. It’s the most popular extension beyond .com, .net and .org.

.us is for American Web sites and is the newest extension. It has the largest amount of available names in inventory.

.cc was originally the country code for Coco’s Keeling Islands. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.bz was originally designated as the country code for Belize, but is now commonly used by small business who can’t get the name they want using the .biz extension. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.tv is for rich content/multi-media Web sites, commonly used within the entertainment or media industry.

.vg is the coutry code for the British Virgin Islands. It is unrestricted and may be registred by anyone, from any country.

.ws was originally designated as the country code for Western Samoa, but is now commonly used as an acronym for “Web sites.” It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.name is the only domain extension specifically designed for personal use. It is commonly used for easy to remember e-mail addresses and personal web sites that display photos or personal information about an individual.

.co.uk is the country code for United Kingdom. The .co portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for commercial purposes (similar to a standard .com extension). It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.org.uk is the country code for United Kingdom. The .org portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for an organization. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.me.uk is the country code for United Kingdom. The .me portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for an individual. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.de is the country code for Germany. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country. If you are not a resident and citizen of Germany, the Administrative Contact for this domain name registration will automatically be assigned Network Solutions’ German proxy contact information.

.be is the country code for Belgium. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.cn is the country code for China. It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.com.cn is the country code for China. The .com portion of the extension indicates the domain is for commercial purposes (similar to a standard .com extension). It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.net.cn is the country code for China. The .net portion of the extension represents the word “network”, and is generally used by internet infrastructure providers. It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.org.cn is the country code for China. The .org portion of the extension indicates the domain is for an organization. It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.cn Regional names. There are 34 regional .cn extensions available, for example, .bj.cn. The .bj portion of the extension represents Beijing and the .cn represents China. These extensions may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.tw is the country code for Taiwan. It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.com.tw is the country code for Taiwan. The .com portion of the extension indicates the domain is for commercial purposes (similar to a standard .com extension). It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.org.tw is the country code for Taiwan. The .org portion of the extension indicates the domain is for an organization. It may be registered by businesses, organizations and sole proprietorships from any country.

.at is the country code for Austria. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.com.mx is the country code for Mexico. The .com portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for commercial purposes (similar to a standard .com extension). It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.co.nz is the country code for New Zealand. The .co portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for commercial purposes (similar to a standard .com extension). It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.net.nz is the country code for New Zealand. The .net portion of the extension represents the word “network”, and is generally used by internet infrastructure providers. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.org.nz is the country code for New Zealand. The .org portion of the extension indicates the domain name is for an organization. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.vg is the country code for the British Virgin Islands. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.gs is the country code for the South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.tc is the country code for the Turks & Caicos Islands. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

.ms is the country code for Montserrat. It is unrestricted and may be registered by anyone, from any country.

 

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