CPR – EASY AS A B C

A – AIRWAY

  • Place victim flat on his/her back on a hard surface.
  • Shake victim at the shoulders and shout “are you okay?”
  • If no response, call emergency medical system -911 then,
  • Head-tilt/chin-lift – open victims’ airway by tilting their head back with one hand while lifting up their chin with your other hand.

B – BREATHING

  • Position your cheek close to victims’ nose and mouth, look toward victims’ chest, and
  • Look, listen, and feel for breathing (5-10 seconds)
  • If not breathing, pinch victim’s nose closed and give 2 full breaths into victim’s mouth (use microshield).
  • If breaths won’t go in, reposition head and try again to give breaths. If still blocked, perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)

C – CIRCULATION

  • Check for carotid pulse by feeling for 5-10 seconds at side of victims’ neck.
  • If there is a pulse but victim is not breathing, give Rescue breathing at rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds Or 12 breaths per minute
  • If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions as follows:
  • Place heel of one hand on lower part of victim’s sternum. With your other hand directly on top of first hand, Depress sternum 1.5 to 2 inches.
  • Perform 15 compressions to every 2 breaths. (rate: 80-100 per minute)
  • check for return of pulse every minute.
  • CONTINUE UNINTERRUPTED UNTIL ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT IS AVAILABLE

 

CPR-123-header1

Figure A: The victim should be flat on his back and his mouth should be checked for debris.

Figure B: If the victim is unconscious, open airway, lift neck, and tilt head back

Figure C: If victim is not breathing, begin artificial breathing with 4 quick full breaths

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Figure D: Check for carotid pulse

Figure E: If pulse is absent, begin artificial circulation by depressing sternum.

 

 

How to Perform ADULT CPR

  1. Make sure the scene is safe for you to help.
  2. Make sure you have universal precautions: gloves, pocket mask, etc.
  3. Make sure you know how many patients you have.
  4. Determine if they are conscious by tapping and shouting “Are you OK?”
  5. If no response have someone call 911.
  6. Position the patient on their back.
  7. Open the airway with a head-tilt chin-lift or jaw-thrust maneuver.
  8. LOOK-LISTEN-&-FEELING for breaths.CHECK BREATHING FOR 5-10 SECONDS.
  9. If they aren’t breathing VENTILATE TWICE.
  10. Check for a pulse by palpating(feeling) the carotid artery. CHECK THE PULSE FOR 10 SECONDS.
  11. If there is no pulse BEGIN CHEST COMPRESSIONS at a rate of 15 COMPRESSIONS to 2 BREATHS.
  12. Recheck the pulse after ONE MINUTE.
  13. CONTINUE UNTIL HELP ARRIVES, OR UNTIL YOU FEEL TOO TIRED TO CONTINUE.

 

 

How to Perform CHILD CPR

  1. Make sure the scene is safe for you to help.
  2. Make sure you have universal precautions: gloves, pocket mask, etc.
  3. Make sure you know how many patients you have.
  4. Determine if they are conscious by tapping and shouting “Are you OK?”
  5. If no response have someone call 911.
  6. Position the patient on their back.
  7. Open the airway with a head-tilt chin-lift or jaw-thrust maneuver.
  8. LOOK-LISTEN-&-FEELING for breaths.CHECK BREATHING FOR 5-10 SECONDS.
  9. If they aren’t breathing VENTILATE TWICE.
  10. Check for a pulse by palpating(feeling) the carotid artery. CHECK THE PULSE FOR 10 SECONDS.
  11. If there is no pulse BEGIN CHEST COMPRESSIONS at a rate of 5 COMPRESSIONS to 1 BREATH.
  12. Recheck the pulse after ONE MINUTE.
  13. CONTINUE UNTIL HELP ARRIVES, OR UNTIL YOU FEEL TOO TIRED TO CONTINUE.

 

 

How to Perform INFANT CPR.

Figure F: Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation of an infant
Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation of an infant
  1. Make sure the scene is safe for you to help.
  2. Make sure you have universal precautions: gloves, pocket mask, etc.
  3. Make sure you know how many patients you have.
  4. Determine if they are conscious by tapping and shouting “Are you OK?”
  5. If no response have someone call 911.
  6. Position the patient on their back.
  7. Open the airway with a head-tilt chin-lift or jaw-thrust maneuver.
  8. LOOK-LISTEN-&-FEELING for breaths.CHECK BREATHING FOR 5-10 SECONDS.
  9. If they aren’t breathing VENTILATE TWICE-CHEEK PUFFS.
  10. Check for a pulse by palpating (feeling) the brachial(arm) artery. CHECK THE PULSE FOR 10 SECONDS.
  11. If there is no pulse BEGIN CHEST COMPRESSIONS at a rate of 5 COMPRESSIONS to 1 BREATH.
  12. Recheck the pulse after ONE MINUTE.
  13. CONTINUE UNTIL HELP ARRIVES, OR UNTIL YOU FEEL TOO TIRED TO CONTINUE.

This is intended as a supplement to information learned in a complete CPR course instructed by the American Heart Association. It is not to be used as your only guide for CPR unless in emergency situations. Please use this only as a guideline for the proper steps in CPR. For more information please contact your local American Heart Association for class information.

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